Epilepsy epilepsy does one get epilepsy different types ep

epilepsy treatment

Imaging studies are generally negative although PET studies have shown bitemporal abnormalities, supporting the hypothesis that language-related brain regions are dysfunctional in LKS Issa Many resemble GTC seizures, but the two sides of the body are more likely to jerk out of phase with each other.

On the other hand, seizures are just the tip of the iceberg for people with epilepsy.

epileptic seizure

Phenytoin, phenobarbital, and carbamazepine appear to be the antiseizure medications that lead to a reduction in BMD via induction of the CYP enzyme system results, but osteopenia has also been reported with non-enzyme-inducing AEDs.

These advanced modalities are used mainly in epilepsy centers for presurgical evaluations Kay and Szaflarski In the past, physicians were reluctant to make this diagnosis even after repeated seizures, because of the adverse consequences including social stigmatization and limitations on driving and employment.

The principal types of generalized seizures are absence, atypical absence, myoclonic, atonic, tonic, and tonic-clonic.

Epilepsy definition

H-I, mostly occurring before delivery, is the most common cause of neonatal seizures. If neuroimaging results, EEG evidence of seizure onset, and ancillary data e. The key to treatment is the avoidance of precipitating factors. There may be drooling or foaming resulting from lack of swallowing and excessive salivation; biting of the tongue, cheek, or lip, causing bleeding; and bladder or bowel incontinence. The more concerning risk is for the development of afebrile seizures epilepsy. In other words, the person first has a focal seizure, followed by a generalized seizure. A seizure that causes either loss of awareness or control can be dangerous if you're driving a car or operating other equipment.

Brain conditions. Clonic seizures consist of rhythmic jerking of groups of muscles in a focal or multifocal pattern.

Epilepsy types

Problems may be a result of difficulties dealing with the condition itself as well as medication side effects. The initial seizure often occurs with a fever and has a hemiclonic semiology. According to the National Institutes of Health, between 1. Magnetic resonance MR spectroscopy measures the concentrations of a variety of neurochemicals in different brain regions and can sometimes assist in localizing a seizure focus. Epilepsy is an umbrella term, under which many types of diseases and syndromes are included. It can be difficult to tell when one seizure ends and the next one begins because alertness and activity level may not improve between epileptiform bursts, which occur in long runs during wakefulness and even more frequently during sleep. Partial seizures affect only a portion of the brain and consciousness is maintained.

These results highlight the need for further investigation into whether receiving treatment for sleep apnea lessens the frequency and severity of epileptic seizures. Atonic astatic seizures, or drop attacks, occur without warning and often result in head or face injuries.

Epilepsy symptoms

Similarly, acquired cerebral insults can alter circuit function e. Atypical absences may begin and end gradually over seconds , usually last 5—30 seconds, and are not generally provoked by rapid breathing. Focal seizures may be seen with localized brain malformations or insults, such as a perinatal stroke, as well as in disorders affecting the brain diffusely, such as asphyxia, metabolic derangement, or infection. Later, other seizure types occur and the child shows developmental regression. There is a genetic association, with febrile seizures occurring 2—3 times more frequently in affected families than in the general population. This is not a myoclonic seizure. Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, AIDS and viral encephalitis, can cause epilepsy.

Often, no cause can be found. EEG typically shows generalized slow spike-wave or polyspike-and-slow-wave complexes.

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Types of Seizures