Family subsystems

strategy for maintaining the family system

Through patterns of interactions, such as negative and positive feedback loops, the achievement of the goals becomes more or less attainable. These rules should remain operational even if thereis only one adult in the household.

Individual family members and the subsystems that comprise the family system are mutually influenced by and are mutually dependent upon one another Bertalanffy ; Whitchurch and Constantine The parental system or role includes those rules that structure the interaction between adult caregivers and children.

The family may reach an agreement that the father is not to be disturbed during certain hours of the day so that he may study. On the other hand, in more closed families, the practitioner may have a more difficult time being accepted by the family. It is important to also recognize that boundaries exist within the family system and help to distinguish the various subsystems that comprise the larger family system.

closed family system

The rolesare defined by the nature of the individuals who fillthem, and by the community, cultural, and historicalcontext in which they exist. Although these questions are specificallydirected at the subsystems of the family, they representthe overarching goals of the ecosystemic review of allsystems.

suprasystem family

According to family systems theory, families strive for a sense of balance or homeostasis. Positive feedback loops, in contrast, are patterns of interaction that facilitate change or movement toward either growth or dissolution.

Four family subsystems

For example, the Gonzales family has the goal of having each of the children obtain a college education. The family may reach an agreement that the father is not to be disturbed during certain hours of the day so that he may study. As complex interactive systems, families are seen as being goal oriented. The rolesare defined by the nature of the individuals who fillthem, and by the community, cultural, and historicalcontext in which they exist. At the core of the caregiver role is the ability to act effectively and consistently in the best interestsof the child. Much likethe spousal role, the sibling role specifies the level ofemotional intimacy and caretaking that occurs betweenthe children. Families may organize themselves into subsystems to accomplish the tasks and goals of the family. When such balance is not found, the rules or dynamics of the family may need to be adjusted to restore this balance. An alternate path may focus on developing the athletic skills of the children, which will provide a different avenue into the academic world.

Additional topics. Similarly, a caregiver must be allowed time to recoverfrom a bad day at work before being subjected to the fullforce of the emotional and physical demands of his orher children.

Family structure theory

A child must be allowed to be angry with a peerwithout bringing down the wrath of his or her caregivers. For example, in the Jones family, the father decides to return to school part time to complete his education now that their youngest child is preschool age. The rolesare defined by the nature of the individuals who fillthem, and by the community, cultural, and historicalcontext in which they exist. The family members may continue to expect the running of the household and the availability of the father to remain the same, despite the fact that the father is now in the workforce and school. The dynamic nature of family helps to ensure that the family can meet the challenges associated with daily living and developmental growth of the family members. It is important to also recognize that boundaries exist within the family system and help to distinguish the various subsystems that comprise the larger family system. It is how these elements combined to form something larger than the ingredients that makes the cake. The concept of morphostasis refers to the ability of the family system to maintain consistency in its organizational characteristics despite the challenges that may rise up over time Steinglass Although these questions are specificallydirected at the subsystems of the family, they representthe overarching goals of the ecosystemic review of allsystems. The concept of equilibrium explains how families strive for a sense of balance between the challenges they confront and the resources of the family. For example, the father may be expected to have the same level of availability to the children and his partner as before. Finally, the permeability of family boundaries will often change with the developmental age and need of the family members. The adult assumes responsibility for the welfare ofthe children. A common analogy often used by family systems theorists and practitioners is found in baking.

Issues and behaviors associated with theeffects of birth order are a subset of the sibling systemor role.

Rated 8/10 based on 61 review
Download
What Is a Family Subsystem?