The history and evolution of the tourism industry

Also, on December 26,a tsunami, caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake, hit the Asian countries on the Indian Ocean, including the Maldives.

Origin of tourism

The present article aims to overcome this shortcoming: it seeks to present an overview of the important structures, processes, types and trends of tourism against the background of historical developments. The desire to experience the world emerged as an individual, unique guiding principle. The role of parks and protected areas in tourism is explored in greater detail in Chapter 5 recreation and Chapter 10 environmental stewardship. However, from midth century, the latter employed the convenience of rail transport for its own purposes. Leisure travel was associated with the Industrial Revolution in the United Kingdom the first European country to promote leisure time to the increasing industrial population. Why do you find these events of interest? Globalised tourism's socio-economic place within the framework of the leisure and holidaying opportunities on offer today has attracted particular attention.

It was preceded by a period of growth in which, for example, the number of stays in a hotel or other form of holiday accommodation in Germany rose about percent between anda good seven times faster than the level of growth in the population.

Another popular destination was Olympia which attracted visitors. The privileged groups of the population cultivated the first journeys for pleasure.

evolution of tourism pdf

Name three key events in the history of BC tourism that resonate with you. Over this period, the travel agency was able to establish itself as a specialised institution. Alle Welt reist It deals with early forms of travel in the classical world and the Middle Ages, as well as the precursors of modern tourism, Bildungsreisen "educational journeys" and the middle-class culture of travel.

History of tourism in europe

It was, however, only in the s when winter tourism took over the lead from summer tourism in many of the Swiss ski resorts. And in , Vancouver welcomed the King and Queen of England and celebrated the opening of the Lions Gate Bridge, activities that reportedly bolstered tourism numbers Dawson, During the 3rd century BC, the Greek traveled to visit the sites of healing gorge and their motive was to engage in religious festivals. Figure 1. Hindus visited temples. However, this does not exclude historically older, "related" forms of travel, which should at least be remembered here. However, the railway's use and popularisation of touristic routes and destinations only began somewhat later with the introduction of mountain railways towards the end of the 19th century. Germans took to bathing holidays relatively late in comparison to the pioneering British and, at first, for health reasons, with socialising and recreation coming later. Carl Stangen — organised holidays through Europe, then from to Palestine and Egypt, before extending them to the whole world in When developed conscientiously, tourism can, and does, contribute to a positive quality of life for residents. As a result, tour operators started packaging inclusive tours with low prices.

Only after did most cantons extend their laws on holidays to the entire labour force. The improvement of transport contributed to establishment of tour operation businesses packaged cheap travel to far continents.

evolution and historical development of tourism

This romanticisation of alpine harmony replaced the mediaeval fear of the mountains and underwent a "touristisation" over the 19th century. It then examines the boom in mass tourism in the 19th century and the unique expansion of tourism in the s characterised by new forms of holidaying and experience shaped by globalisation.

Tourism in BC continued to grow through the s. Agricultural cities which were established grew to become industrial cities which created large urbanization, need for labour, rural urban migration, and growth of middle class citizens employed in industries, better education, and more leisure time as a result of paid leaves as well as the demand for recreation.

Meaning and importance of tourism

NOTE: Next two phases of the evolution of tourism will be given in next articles. Today tourism involves leisure. Whether positive or negative, tourism is a force for change around the world, and the industry is transforming at a staggering rate. Recognizing the diverse nature of the industry and the significant contributions tourism makes toward economic and social value for British Columbians is important. Parks and Protected Areas A look at the evolution of tourism in Canada would be incomplete without a quick study of our national parks and protected areas. From the s, the term, first used in , referred to a middle-class holidaying practice whose practitioners sought relaxation in the countryside as an alternative to the seaside during the summer. These provided for safety, comfort, education, supervision and pleasure in accordance with their specialised area of responsibility. On the one hand, this created the differentiated paradigm of travel "as an art". At first, the fields of business studies and economics dominated a study of tourism that was grounded in an institutional approach; 3 general accounts, 4 analyses from the cultural sciences and historical surveys 5 came conspicuously late. Going for Gold Figure 1. Railways also created greater mobility.

C was the most significant development, which became a medium for various business dealing and als used by various accomodations.

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Evolution and Historical Development of Tourism